Advanced Reactor Thermal Hydraulic Modeling

PI Name: 
Paul Fischer
PI Email: 
fischer@mcs.anl.gov
Institution: 
Argonne National Laboratory
Allocation Program: 
INCITE
Allocation Hours at ALCF: 
25,000,000
Year: 
2011
Research Domain: 
Energy Technologies

The DOE Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) program is developing simulation capabilities to leverage U.S. leadership computing facilities in the design of next-generation reactors. One of the active areas of research is in the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI), which is examining a closed nuclear fuel cycle based on a new generation of fast neutron reactors specifically designed for the transmutation of spent nuclear fuel to address nuclear waste management concerns. Partitioning and transmu- tation of transuranic elements from nuclear spent fuel is considered as a way of reducing the burden of geological disposal. Advanced simulation is viewed as critical in bringing fast reactor technology to fruition in an economic and timely manner and the DOE has recently established area-specific campaigns to look at open questions in closing the fuel cycle. Analysis of fast reactor cores is one the areas of interest and the thermal-hydraulic performance—pressure drop and mixing induced by the coolant flow—figures prominently in design questions.