Energy Exascale Earth System Model

PI Name: 
Mark Taylor
Institution: 
Sandia National Laboratories
Allocation Program: 
INCITE
Allocation Hours at ALCF: 
2.35 Million
Year: 
2019
Research Domain: 
Earth Science

This INCITE project supports the Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM) model, a multi-laboratory project developing a leading-edge climate and Earth system and driven by three grand challenge questions, two of which are the focus of this project as they can be answered using the E3SM v1 model: (1) In the water cycle, how will more realistic portrayals of its important features (e.g., resolution, clouds, aerosols) affect river flow and associated freshwater supplies at the watershed scale? (2) In cryosphere systems, could a dynamic instability in the Antarctic Ice Sheet be triggered within the next 40 years?  

For (1), the team’s objective is to simulate changes in the hydrological cycle with a specific focus on precipitation and surface water in orographically complex regions, such as the western United States and Amazon headwaters. For (2), the team aims to examine the near-term risk of initiating the dynamic instability and onset of the Antarctic Ice Sheet’s collapse due to rapid melting by adjacent warming waters —the first fully coupled global simulation to include dynamic ice shelf-ocean interactions.