The ESAT-6 secretion System in Staphylococcus Aureus

Event Sponsor: 
Mathematics and Computer Science Division Seminar
Start Date: 
Nov 27 2007 (All day)
Building 221 Conference Room A216
Argonne National Laboratory
Dominique Missiakas
Speaker(s) Title: 
The University of Chicago, Department of Microbiolog

Staphylococcus aureus encodes the specialized secretion system Ess (ESAT-6 secretion system). The ess locus is a cluster of eight genes (esxAB,essABC, esaABC) of which esxA and esxB display homology to secreted ESAT-6 proteins of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. EsxA and EsxB require EssA, EssB
and EssC for transport across the staphylococcal envelope. More recently, we have examined the role of two accessory factors of the secretion system, EsaB and EsaC. Our data show that EsaB is a negative regulator of EsaC. Further, EsaC production is repressed when staphylococci are grown
in broth and increased when staphylococci replicate in serum or infected hosts. EsaB is constitutively produced and remains in the cytoplasm whereas EsaC is secreted. This secretion requires an intact Ess pathway. Mutants lacking esaB or esaC display only a small defect in acute infection, but remarkably are unable to promote persistent abscesses
during animal infection. Together, the data suggest a model whereby EsaB controls the production of effector molecules that are important for host pathogen interaction. One such effector, EsaC, is a secretion substrate of the Ess pathway and implements its pathogenic function during infection.

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